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Your main aim is to stem the flow of blood. If you have disposable gloves available, use them. It is important to reduce the risk of cross-infection.
  1. Check whether there is an object embedded in the wound*.
  2. If there is nothing embedded , press on the wound with your hand, ideally over a clean pad, and secure with a bandage.
  3. If the wound is on an arm or leg raise the injured limb above the level of the heart.
*If you suspect there is something embedded, take care not to press on the object. Instead press firmly on either side of the object and build up padding around it before bandaging to avoid putting pressure on the object itself.

How to treat a nosebleed

  1. Ensure the person is sitting down. Advise them to tilt their head forwards to allow the blood to drain from their nostrils.
  2. Ask the person to pinch the end of their nose and continue to breathe through their mouth.
  3. After ten minutes, release the pressure. If the bleeding has not stopped, reapply the pressure for up to two further periods of ten minutes.
  4. If bleeding continues, seek medical advice.